First Amendment: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. What does this mean in relation to Religion and Government? Did you notice who exactly the First Amendment restricts? Well, it says “Congress shall make no law…..” Did you catch that? Congress….. Not government employees. Not teachers. Not even states or local governments. Not even the Supreme Court. Congress. Congress is not allowed to make any law that respects an establishment of religion or prohibits the free exercise thereof. The "establishment of religion" clause of the First Amendment means at least this: Neither a state nor the Federal Government can set up a church. Neither can pass laws which aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one religion to another . . . I grow tired of people trying to rewrite the meaning of the Constitution.